The act of reading makes people more intelligent. You must make sure that you make literacy part of your child’s tool kit. Can you succeed in teaching reading without specialized knowledge? Yes you can, provided you supply the student(s) with:
- The intellectual building blocks of reading
- Enough time to master the material, including enough independent practice time.
- The emotional support of a teacher who finds teaching the student and what the student is reading meaningful.
Romalda Bishop Spaulding, who researched reading instruction extensively for her book The Writing Road to Reading, claims that dyslexia and various other reading disorders would not happen if phonics and listening skills were taught to mastery. I have found these materials to be highly effective at teaching struggling readers. If you teach a child the 67 phonograms from the above PowerPoint, they will be able to decode words, and that is half the battle. The rest is practice with fluency and comprehension. This is mostly time-on-task.
The most authoritative phonogram set is called Orton-Gillingham phonics. I have a free a set of 26 Orton-Gillingham phonograms in a PowerPoint as well as a complete set of 67 phonograms at my Teachers pay Teachers store.
Once they master these phonics, they will be reading, but will they understand what they have read? This takes us to stage two of reading instruction.